Explorers - Marvelous Maps
The Pacific Island region covers more than 300,000 square miles (800,000 square km) of land—of which New Zealand and the island of New Guinea make up approximately nine-tenths—and millions of square miles of ocean. It is a mixture of independent states, associated states, integral parts of non-Pacific Island countries, and dependent states.
The great arc of islands located north and east of Australia and south of the Equator is called Melanesia for the peoples of New Guinea island, the Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu (the New Hebrides), New Caledonia, and Fiji.
The main Pacific Islands span the Equator obliquely from northwest to southeast and can be divided into two major physio-graphic regions by island type: continental and oceanic. Deep ocean trenches form the Andesite Line along the eastern borders of Japan, the Marianas, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, and New Zealand. The line separates the basaltic volcanic islands of the central and eastern Pacific from the islands of the broad western Pacific margin, which are formed mainly of metamorphosed rocks, sediment, and andesitic volcanic material.
In this unit of our WoW curriculum, we will learn all about the importance of map reading skills, using a compass to give and follow directions, grid references and also how places have changed over time!